Romans 2:1 What are you storing in the afterlife?

Paul has explained in chapter 1 how a person is lost in sin even if they’ve never heard the Gospel. They know by God’s creation that there is an eternal Godhead, and it is a choice they face how they will treat God when they come to the realization of Him. In chapter 2, Paul goes into further detail about how someone is judged, both the ignorant and the knowledgable.

Immediately in chapter 2, Paul says we will be judged in how we judge others.

Romans 2:1 “…for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.”

How are we as sinners worthy to judge others? We cannot. God is the only just Judge. We need to have our walk with God a close one, and our deeds just, and allow God to judge both the righteous and the unjust. I am reminded of the prayer which Jesus taught to the disciples:

Matthew 6:12 “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.”

We are judged by the standard in which we set. If we are unforgiving, we cannot expect God to forgive us.

Verse 5 refers to “reaping and sowing” which Paul referred to in chapter 1.

“But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;”

This is a pretty wordy verse. Let’s break it down into segments to get a better understanding of it.

  • AFTER, Greek word is kata, meaning “down from”
  • HARDNESS, Greek word sklerotes, meaning “stubbornness”
  • IMPETITENT, Greek word ametanoetos, meaning “unrepentant”
  • TREASUREST UP, Greek word thesaurizo, meaning “gather together”
  • UNTO THYSELF, Greek word seautou, meaning “for yourself”
  • AGAINST, Greek word en, meaning “in”


We get from this the following: You have gathered together for yourself wrath. This will be revealed in the righteous judgement of God in the day of wrath. It is caused by the stubbornness and unrepentance of your heart.

By living in sin and lust, you are storing up the wrath of God for the day of judgment. Sometimes when we sin, we pay the consequences right then. Sometimes it is a long time later. We have to keep in mind that there is always a price to pay for sin. Whether or not we pay in this life, one thing can be certain. When we live in sin, we will need to have made a payment when judgment day comes.

What are we as Christians storing up for judgment day? Are we living for God, or are we storing up the wrath of God?

Matthew 6:20 “But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:”

We can either store treasures in heaven, or we can store wrath for the judgment day. Hmmmm. Seems like a pretty simple choice, doesn’t it?

We’ll continue the review of Romans chapter 2 tomorrow.

Study Romans 2

Romans 1:27-28 When we forget God

We conclude a review of Romans 1 today. Recall that verses 26 and 27, Paul spoke out strongly against homosexuality. He says that God “gave them up” to their vile affections, which according to the original Greek means that God allowed them to be controlled by their depraved and evil sin.

I want to point out the end of verse 27, which I found interesting.

Romans 1:27 “…and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.”

Let’s break down this phrase to get a better understanding of the meaning of it.

  • receiving: apolambano, meaning “to receive by way of retribution”
  • that recompence: antimisthia, meaning “a reward given in compensation”
  • error: plane (pronounced plan’-ay), meaning “a wandering, a straying about”, more specifically meaning mental rather than physical
  • was meet: dei, meaning “it is necessary, there is need of, it behooves, is right and proper”


I read these Greek original words together to mean “receive just and necessary retribution due to their mental straying from God.” These people, by their actions, causes God to “give them up” and receive their just punishment. How many times have we heard, “If there is a God, why does he allow bad things to happen?” I’ve heard it many times. Have we ever stopped to consider that we ourselves cause bad things to happen and God, being just and pure, simply allows us to receive the just punishment we deserve? When bad things happen, don’t blame God. Look inward, cleanse yourself of sin by confessing it, and look to God for forgiveness.

I note in verse 27 that it had more to do with leaving God than anything. The word “error” in verse 27 literally means to stray or wander about, in a mental sense. Stray and wander from who? They stray and wander from God. Verse 27 leads directly into verse 28 and Paul continues his thought.

Romans 1:28 “And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;”

Paul here talks about people who don’t like to remember God (did not like to retain God in their knowledge). So many times we go off and do our own thing and don’t even consider God and what He wants us to do. When this happens, verse 28 says that God “gave them over to a reprobate mind.” “Gave them over” here means the same thing as it did earlier in the chapter: to give over to the power of another. The original Greek word for reprobate here is adokimos, which means unfit, or unable to pass a test. This word is used when referring to poor metals which do not pass test. The sin of lust and homosexuality, as well as the sin of forgetting God, will cause God to allow these things to have power over you.

Paul completes the chapter by listing the individual sins and actions which these people are guilty of. Not often if ever does one begin to live in sin without it leading to other sins. There is a point when a person is tempted to lust, and has the power to resist. One small sin left unconfessed can fester and grow into many more sins. By the time God gives you up to your sins, look at what Paul says God is giving you up to:

  • filled with all unrighteousness
  • fornication
  • wickedness
  • covetousness
  • maliciousness
  • full of envy
  • murder
  • debate (meaning strife)
  • deceipt
  • malignity (meaning depravity of heart and life)
  • whisperers (meaning to secretly slander)
  • Backbiters (one who speaks evil of others)
  • haters of God
  • despiteful
  • proud
  • boasters
  • inventors of evil things
  • disobedient to parents (children can fall into this state)
  • Without understanding
  • covenantbreakers
  • without natural affection (meaning unsociable or unable to care for others)
  • implacable (can never agree on things)
  • unmerciful


I note a couple of these which stand out. Filled with unrighteousness. Not just containing sin, but filled with sin. Murder! Haters of God! Once they just were at the point where they didn’t like to remember God. Now they hate God. Proud and boastful — meaning they are deluded about what’s important in their life. Disobedient to parents — parents, don’t allow your children to fall into the sin of lust. It is a slippery slope which can lead to an irreversible path to hell.

Let us always remember God. Let’s pray to him “without ceasing” as the Word of God says. Let’s be thankful for the things He’s done for us and given us. Let’s have our walk with Jesus a close one so we won’t even come close to falling into this wickedness. Note this book was written to the Church in Rome. Paul is talking to Christians here. Let us as Christians abhor the sin of the world, and stay close to God.

Study Romans 1

Romans 1:21-27 When God Gives Up on You

Part 3 of Romans 1 is a continuation of what I wrote yesterday. As a recap, Paul expounded on how man knows by God’s creation that He is God, and He is eternal. However, man thinks within himself to imagine how he can go against God, instead of being thankful and giving God the glory.

Some of the things Paul lays out in the following verses are very pointed. He calls sin what it is, and spells out God’s ultimate reaction to the sinner.

Recapping a portion of verse 21, we read:

Romans 1:21 “…they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations…”

This thought, the act of the sinner to turn the glory away from God is a provoking act to God. In doing so, the sinner turns the glory toward himself. Verse 21 says, “but became vain” or full of self-glory. Verse 22 continues this thought.

Romans 1:22 “Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,”

The sinner’s response to seeing the eternal Godhead and His creation is to turn the focus on himself. God wants to be praised. He wants the focus on Himself because he is the One Who deserves it. When we turn the focus on ourselves, we commit a sin.

What is God’s response to this? Consider verse 24.

Romans 1:24 “Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness…”

What a sad phrase. It’s as if God says, “I’m tired of chasing you. I’ve given you a wonderful creation for which you’re not even thankful. Instead you turn the focus on yourself. I give up. Do as you please but understand there is a price to pay for your actions.”

Paul further explains the sinfulness of man by spelling out certain sins of the physical being. Let’s go through what the Bible says and give it a close look.

Verse 24 continues:

Romans 1:24 “…God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

Sin is borne in the heart. The sinner will sit and consider a sin before committing it. Sin is not an accident. A person doesn’t sin accidentally, but considers the matter first before proceeding with the action. Sin is always done on purpose. When the sin of lust is committed, it is a dishonor to your own body.

1 Corinthians 6:20 “For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.“

God takes your physical well-being seriously. When you debase your body with sinful lust (Romans 1:24), it dishonors the body which God says you should glorify Him with.

In dishonoring your body with sinful lust, Paul says in Romans 1:25, “Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator…”

You are a being created by God. When we dishonor our bodies with sinful lust, as explained in verse 24, it is a means of idolatry. God sees it as us putting something ahead of Him. He wants us to honor Him with our bodies instead of dishonoring it with sinful lust. God cares a great deal about what we do with our bodies.

Psalm 139:14 “I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.“

Beginning in verse 26, Paul focuses his attention to the sin of homosexuality. Consider Romans 1:26, 27.

Romans 1:26,27 “For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.“

It is very clear what Paul talks about here. He says that it is sin for a woman to “…change the natural use into that which is against nature…” Back in the garden of Eden, God created Adam and Eve. This is what God intended how nature should proceed. Think about abortion. Is that the natural thing for a woman to do? It may be something that some women and men want to do, but is it a natural thing to do? Absolutely not! The natural course of events which God put in motion involve a man and a woman being married, and having children. It is against this natural course for a man or a woman to engage in physical lust between the same sex. It is also against this natural course for a woman to kill her unborn child.

What is God’s reaction to these activities? Beginning with verse 26, it says, “For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections…” This is the second time in Romans 1 in which God “gave them up”. The Greek word used for “gave” here is paradidomi, which literally means “to deliver to one something to keep, use, take care of, manage.” In other words, the sin will begin to control you. You will find it more and more difficult to harness your lust when God gives you into it. The Greek word Paul used for “vile” is atimia, which literally means dishonor. The Greek word used here for “affections” is pathos, which literally means “inordinate affection” or more specifically, lust. Paul is clearly speaking of homosexuality here.

I’ll conclude a review of Romans chapter 1 in the next couple days. We’ll study the final few verses of the chapter where we see more strong comments from the apostle Paul.

Study Romans 1

Romans 1:18-21 – God’s action in response to sin

In the latter part of Romans chapter 2, Paul goes on the attack of the sins which were in Rome at the time. More than just a high-level view, Paul mentions sin by name and by action, and what God’s response is to these sins. Recall that the book of Romans was written to “To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints”, in other words, Christians in Rome. Therefore, we can glean from the following verses that Paul is reiterating in part what is said in 2 Corinthians 6:17.

2 Corinthians 6:17 “Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.”

The exhortation is to Christians to stay away from the sin of the world.

Note that Paul starts out in verse 16 two things: a) he is not ashamed of the Gospel, and b) anyone who believes can be saved. I believe he mentions this as a preface of what he is about to say about the sin.

Let’s examine verses 18 and 19.

Romans 1:18-19 “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.”

In other words, those people who “hold the truth in unrighteousness, or extinguish the dissemination of the Word of God are aware of the wrath of God to come. “Is” in the phrase “the wrath of God is revealed is an active verb, meaning that this is an activity which is currently taking place. The Holy Spirit tells those who are lost in sin that their sin is bad, and that they will face the wrath of God if they don’t repent. People do not sin ignorantly. The Holy Spirit tells them what they’re doing is wrong, and they know it.

Paul explains this further in verse 20.

Romans 1:20 “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:”

In this verse, Paul says that God’s power is revealed in His creation. Created beings (us) understand the eternal power and the existence of God by what they see in creation. Even if they don’t hear a preacher, they are “without excuse” because God’s eternal power and His eternal Godhead is revealed through His creations. By this they know God, and have a choice of whether to follow Him or not.

In the following verses, Paul explicitly lays out what some of the actions of man are which cause God to reveal His wrath.

Romans 1:21 “Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.”

Paul says here that people know God; in spite of that, in spite of seeing His eternal power, they were neither thankful nor gave God glory for it. We see a lot of that today, don’t we? How many times have we heard Darwin’s theory of evolution expounded as fact? This tool of Satan is taught in our schools. What more could God have done to prove Himself as God? The more mankind learns about God’s creation, the more he is astounded. However, mankind continues to chalk it up as a wonder of the natural world rather than a creation of an omnipotent and eternal God.

Paul continues by saying that these people “became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.” Let’s examine some of the original Greek meanings of some of the words Paul uses here. The Greek word of “became vain” is mataioo, which literally means “foolish.” The Greek word for “imaginations” is dialogismos, which means an inward deliberation that man is having with himself. The Greek word for “foolish” is asunetos, which means unintelligent or stupid. The Greek word for “darkened” is skotizo, which means metaphorically deprived of understanding.

Let’s put them together. Paul is saying here that a foolish person, who sees God’s creation and understands God’s power and Godhead, inwardly deliberates with himself a stupid reasoning, and as a result darkens, or deprives himself of understanding. This person understood at one time (according to verse 21), but after thinking inwardly on this in a way to avoid coming to know God or giving God glory (also verse 21), places a veil of darkness over his understanding so he begins to believe a lie, which he himself has created.

I’ll conclude today’s remark by stating an obvious fact. When we act foolishly as an affront to God’s power, expect God’s wrath.

I’ll continue an examination of Romans chapter 1 tomorrow.

Study Romans 1


Romans 1:1-13 Christian Fellowship

Romans 1:1-13 – Christian Fellowship

We begin today a study of the book of Romans. I’ve just completed some notes for the book of Acts. Reading the first chapter of Romans, I realize there is a lot of theology and I’ll make two postings on it rather than just one.

The first chapter of Romans covers two primary topics, and I’ll write comments in two different posts.

The chapter begins with a general salutation by Paul to the church at Rome. In doing so, Paul lays out a tremendous lot for us to take in regarding how we should interact with other Christians.

The first example is in verse 9 which reads:

Romans 1:9 “…that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;”

Paul tells us to pray for each other. We as the body of Christ accomplish more when we lift each other up in prayers to God. We become more invested in the well-being of other Christians when we without ceasing lift each other up in prayer. It seems a prerequisite to being able to lift one up in prayer without ceasing is that you need to really care for each other.

The next example is in verse 10.

Romans 1:10 “…if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you.”

What Paul says here is that he wants to visit with the Church in Rome. We should visit with one another. Many times our spirituality is tempered when we only see other Christians in church. We often see each other once per week, and that’s it. We grow closer to other Christians when we visit with one another. We learn their needs and become more in tune with how to lift them up in prayer.

Next, Paul lays out something for us in verse 11.

Romans 1:11 “For I long to see you…”

When we are away from church, do we look forward to seeing other Christians? Do we see church as more of a duty or chore instead of the Christian fellowship which unites us all? We should develop a Christian kinship so when we’re away, we look forward to the next time we can see each other.

Also in verse 11:

Romans 1:11 “…that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift…”

In other words, lift each other up spiritually. When we go to church, it’s ok to discuss various non-spiritual matters as long as that isn’t what dominates the topic. If all we ever talk about with each other are non-spiritual matters, we don’t lift each other up spiritually. We effectively make the church a glorified social meeting. We should uplift each other spiritually when we’re together.

Let’s continue in verse 12 where we see something else:

Romans 1:12 “…that I may be comforted together with you…”

Comfort one another. There are times when we all have trouble. When this happens, we need to be there for each other to assist.

Finally, verse 13 has one other piece of advise which Paul has for us.

Romans 1:13 “…I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also…”

When Paul says, “have some fruit”, he’s referring to soul winning. He says he wants to win souls “among you” or in other words “with you.” His words to us here are “win souls together.” Go witness to the world together to bring the lost to Christ.

In summary:

  • Pray for each other;
  • Visit with each other;
  • Long to be with each other;
  • Support each other spiritually;
  • Comfort each other;
  • Win souls together.

Imagine if we do these things how close the church will become!

Study Romans 1